Fall of Rome
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Roman Ideas History Notebook

The Legacy of Roman Ideas

Philosophy of Stoicism
  • Divine intelligence rules all of nature
  • People should live by natural law
  • "Virtus" (manliness) = self-control, duty, courage
System of law
  • Based on "natural law": we all have rights
  • Published, no secret laws
  • Applied to all citizens
  • Suspect innocent until proven guilty
Republican form of government
  • Vote to elect representatives
  • Balance of 3 branches of government: executive, legislative, judicial

  • In 500 BC, only the city-state of Rome
  • Eventually extended to all free people of the empire
  • (Women: yes.  Slaves: no.)
Women's rights
  • Right to own property
  • Right to control money
Preservation of Greek ideas
  • Arts: sculpture
  • Literature: myths & fables
  • Vocabulary of science & math: astronomy, diameter